This book is an annotated bibliography with more than 680 references. The primary purpose of the book was to gather relevant literature from databases with comprehensive coverage. The references cited herein address the design of shiftwork schedules and the effects of shiftwork on safety, health and human performance in many work environments. No limits were placed upon dates of publication; however, the bibliography generally reaches back slightly more than 30 years through about 2010. No systematic attempt was made to list technical reports from the governments of other countries than the United States, though some are included. References listed here, along with keywords suggested by these publications, should allow the reader to search an area of interest almost completely. Subjects covered include shiftwork schedule structure; occupational risk and safety in and for aviation operations, driving, health workers, firefighters, maritime operations, military operations, nuclear power industry, police, and rail operations; individual differences, including adaptation and tolerance, age, gender, lark-owl, and locus of control; fatigue countermeasures including light, melatonin, modafinil, napping, and schedule planning; worker health including working hours, cancer, cardiovascular and respiratory, gastrointestinal, hormones and metabolism, reproductive health, and sleep; cognitive performance; models and software; research needs; and measurement methodologies.